Lang's Short-tailed Blue (Leptotes pirithous)

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2022 photographs highlighted in blue. Click on any photograph to go to an enlarged picture, or simply scroll down the page.

5613_female_Var_21May07 19523_female_Var_24Sep09 39385_female_Var_10Sep15 6341_male_Var_3Jun07
35369_male_Var_11Jun14 9388_female?_Var_30Aug07 49343_female?_Var_8Jun22  

Before 2006 I had only seen pirithous in odd ones and twos, mostly in Var but also in Ariège in the Pyrénées. However, spending the whole of September in 2006 (and every subsequent year) in the southern part of Var, I was amazed at the numbers - there seemed to be one every few metres in places. They seemed to be more common on cultivated flowers, especially in gardens, than in the wild. As the numbers seemed to build up very quickly from mid-September onward (and well into October) and many seemed quite worn, it suggested that this was the result of migration rather than an emergence of a second brood. However, in 2007 many appeared very fresh, so I'm fairly sure there is a second brood, which is perhaps augmented by migrants. Since then I have rarely seen a first brood pirithous nor a fresh pirithous in September, suggesting maybe that most are migrants.

They can be quite sedentary when feeding, so can easily be missed. Also the rather indistinct underside markings (photographs always seem to appear slightly out of focus) make it hard to spot, relieved only by the two magnificent unh spots - the silver edging is more visible in the enlarged photographs. I also think it's mis-named as the tails are actually not short at all. It could easily be confused with the Long-tailed Blue (Lampides boeticus) which it superficially resembles; the key differences are outlined on the boeticus page.


The male upperside is rather dull by comparison to its more illustrious cousins, and lacks the upf markings of the female which, as is usual for blues, is brown with a limited number of blue scales in the basal area. I have yet to achieve a photograph of the male upperside.

ref sex


alt. m
5613 F

this female is quite dull even by the standards of the upperside of this rather drab butterfly, but this could be the result of age rather than the lack of original blue scales.

19523 F

if 5613 is a drab female, 19523 is even duller by comparison, all the blue scales (if there ever were any) have long since disappeared.

39385 F this female appears to be fresh, judging by the integrity of the margins. 60
6341 M

this male is puddling, not something I have often seen pirithous do. The underside is better contrasted than most. The two unh marginal spots are clearly visible, with the magnificent circles of silver and orange.

35369 M a male. 200
9388 F

I believe this to be a female based on body shape, but am not totally convinced.

49343 F? this could be a female, but the body shape in very inconclusive. The pattern is quite light, almost to the point of appearing out of focus. 200